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  • Climate

    Malta has a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and warm to hot summers. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry. There is no real thermal dormant season for plants, although plant growth can be checked briefly by abnormal cold in winter (patches of ground frost may occur in inland locales), and summer heat and aridity may cause vegetation to wilt. Effectively there are only two seasons, which makes the islands attractive for tourists, especially during the drier months. However, strong winds can make Malta feel cold during the springtime. Large fluctuations in temperature are rare.

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    Average annual temperature of sea is 20 °C (the highest result in continent of Europe), from 16 °C in January to 26 °C in August. In total 6 months – from June to November – the average sea temperature exceeds 21 °C, while in May and December – 18 °C. In the remaining 4 months – from January to April – the average sea temperature is about 16 °C.Malta enjoys around 3,000 hours of sunshine per year (one of the highest results in Europe), from average 5 hours of sunshine per day in December to average 12 hours of sunshine per day in July.This is about twice the hours of sunshine as cities in the northern half of Europe enjoy, for comparison: London 1,461 per year,however in winter up to some times more sunshine, for comparison: London has 37 hours while Malta has 155 or 164 (depending on the sources) hours of sunshine in December.

    In the second half of April – beginning of the summer/holiday season the average sea temperature is 17 °C. The highest temperature is 27 °C in the second half of August, in late August and early September drops to 26 °C in the second half of September drops to 25 °C. Around mid-October drops to 24 °C, about the last week of October drops to 23 °C and in early November drops to 22 °C (data of 2010).